The beautiful Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kerala, find its timing, entry fees, contact number, address, when to visit and things to see. It’s a well known tourist spot known for Wild Tigers Reserve, situated in Palakad, Chittur district of Kerala in Southern part of India. The sanctuary was announced as a part of the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve 6 years ago in 2010. It covers the area of 391 Sq Kilometres. It’s actually location is in the ranges of Sungam situated in between two hills- Anaimalai Hills and Nelliampathy Hills. There are minaly 03 man Made Reservoirs in Parambikulam. They are – Peruvaripallam, Thunakkadavu and Parambikulam. All three together covers around 20.6 Sq Km area. Also there are 3 rivers in the sanctuary namely Parambikulam, Thekkedy and Sholayar.
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PARAMBIKULAM TIGER RESERVE
Located At: Thunakadavu
Pin Code: 678661
Timing: 07:00 AM – 04:00 PM
|Rs.50||For light vehicle|
|Rs.150||For heavy vehicle|
|Rs.150 per head||For van safari|
|Rs.200||For video camera|
How to reach Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary?
The easiest means of Transportation to reach Parambikulam is by Road. A SRTC Bus is there between Parambikulam and Palakkad. There is bus from Pollachi in Tamilnadu to Paramabikulam. To have a safari, Visitors have to step down at Anappady to purchase the tickets at Information centre. If you go by Railways, the nearest station to Parambikulam is Pollachi (65 Kms from Parambikulam). There is an airport in Coimbatore, which is 40 kms from Pollachi if you are flying down by air.
History of the Sanctuary
In the early 90s the Parambikulam forests were broadly divided into two zones- Parambikulam Forest Reserve and Sungam Forest Reserve. There was a teak plantation in the forest reserve started in the year 1921 and the last time the teak was planted was in the year 1983. In the year 1907, there was a revolutionary move made by the Reserve members, which was to have a Tram way in the forest. The main aim was to divulge more into the forest and take out the timber, which can be used and transported to other places. But it was abandoned by Special Financial Committee in the year 1951. Later the Sungam Forest Reserve was said to be the Parambikulam Forest Reserve.
In reality the beautiful sanctuary is divided into 3 different parts which are as follows:
- Tourism zone
- Buffer Zone and
- Core Zone
They are divided based upon some parameters and criteria. The Core Zone is the main area of Sanctuary, which the management want to preserve from Natural habitat. Very rare activities are permitted in this area. Research and scientific study with prior permission is allowed in the core zone. The Buffer Zone is made to look after habitat and having Teak Plantations, maintaining the Flora and Fauna. It is said that once the diversity level will be reached, the zone shall be upgraded to the Core Zone. The third Zone is the Tourism zone where all tourist and visitors activities like Trekking, Accommodation, and Nature Education is conducted.
There are other Sanctuary located in Kerala like Neyyar wildlife sanctuary which is in Thiruvananthapuram and the Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary which is in Kannur. And yes, don’t forget to Ranipuram which is a popular hill station which is about 10 hours of distance.
Things to see in Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
The sanctuary is a protected area in Western Ghats surrounded by many sanctuaries and Reserves located in Tamilnadu, Kerala and other states. There is not much of Human Intervence in the sanctuary keeping its flora and fauna intact and conserved. There are indigenous tribes residing around the protected area. There is abundance of water supply in the forest area making a perfect place for all the wild creatures a happy abode. All the Eco tourism activities are carried out in the Buffer Zones, which are far away from the core area of the forest.
The Parambikulam Sanctuary is perfect place to enjoy the beauty of the nature. Trekking is possible in the forest area with the help of a guide. Oarsmen present over there can help you with the bamboo rafting. The visitors are not allowed for Boating in the lake. Visitors who wish to reside inside the Tree Houses or Resorts have to book in advance. There is Safari arranged for Visitors everyday up till 3:00 P.M by Forest Development Agency.
There are various Packages pertaining to particular activities in the forest like:
- Jungle Camps
- Nature education etc.
There are various sight-seeing places in Sanctuary like:
- Lake View point
- Dam View
- Valley Points and
- Kannimara Teak (the Largest Teak of the world)
Flora and Fauna
There are various Trees in the sanctuary like Teak, Sandalwood, and Neem. Rich diversity of Animals and Birds includes Snakes, Fishes, Butterflies, Tigers, Langurs, Gaur etc.
Climate of Parambikulam Sanctuary
The climate at the Parambikulam Sanctuary is Wet Tropical, which means there is quite a good amount of rainfall very year. The average rainfall Parambikulam gets is around 1400mm to 2400mm. The Temperature at the reserve is somewhere around 15 Degree to 32 Degrees. July gets the maximum rainfall and is the wettest month while January is said to be the most dry month in Parambikulam. Also January is said to be the coolest month and March exhibits the most warm and hotness in Parambikulam.